Get Perfect French Pronunciation in 6 weeks !
Bonjour ! and welcome to today's lesson focused on the French u sound. , which official IPA notation is /y/. This one raises an interesting dilemma : it's one of the easiest syllable for a French native (4 years old kids master it during their first year in school), and yet one of the most difficult for many foreigners students, as it does not necessarily exist in their mother tongue.
My students from Ireland struggle a lot to get it right, as there is no strict equivalent in English and they often mix up with their various "u" sounds (like in "duck", "fruit", "mule", "rule"...) . In the Spanish world, the confusion comes also from their common sound /u/ (like in "uno", "usted", "mucho"...). And for Japanese, well, this sounds /y/ just does not exist at all !
As always, before digging into the lesson for the sound U, we'd like to give you a few recommendations :
If you watch all our videos on the French sounds and apply the method above, in no time you will be improving your French. And now, let's focus on the French u /y/ sound video :
Since there is often a confusion between those 2 sounds /y/ and /u/, it's worth explaining them at that stage.
The rules are not that complicated, but there are a few exceptions and it might take time for you to know with confidence which sound to pick. Anyway, remember that practice makes perfect :-)
We selected a few words from our 999 Essential French Words list to help you pronounce the /y/ sound. Don't forget : practice makes perfect, so repeat loudly after you hear the voice saying the words in French.
French is usually difficult to learn precisely because the letters or combination of letters are not always pronounced the same way, and reciprocally, a same sound can be written in different manners. There are more than a dozen different manners to write the same French u sound :
In elementary French schools, there is a list of about 150 critical French words that kids must know before they turn 8 years old, in the class level called "CP/CE1". I always make sure to teach them to my adults students, because by knowing them by heart, you will cut your learning curve and it will help you concentrate on other difficulties. By working on the pronunciation of the French sounds, you will learn get to know them very quickly ! Here is a short extract of this list with the /y/ sound :
There are tens of verbs containing the u sound in their radical. Our intention there is not to be exhaustive, but to provide a selection of French verbs with this syllable in various positions (initial, middle, final). Here is a short list taken from our 222 Most Valuable French Verbs list. :
1st group : divorcer, égorger, prospérer
2nd group : forcir, obscurcir
3rd group : clore, mordre
Again, a new expression with an animal : a pig this time ! Literally, it would mean "to have a pig's personality". We usually use it about someone who is difficult to deal with, quite stubborn, moody, difficult to live with.
This week, a gentle dinosaur came up in our drawing book. Pay attention to the 2 different O sounds here : the first "o" is actually the closed O sound (/o/) while the "au" is the open O sound (/Ɔ/). Note that in some regions the first "o" could also be pronounced as an open O... that's right, French is full of exceptions & subtleties :-)
Who said pronunciation has to be boring ?! So why not discover a bit of French culture while practicing your pronunciation of the U sound ? We have selected for you those famous symbols of France - a purely subjective choice, based on our personal preferences ;-)
If you still struggle to pronounce correctly the /y/ sound in French, we're here to help. Leave us a comment below with the word you can't pronounce, and we will record it for you. We'll only ask you to avoid any slang / crude terms, as this page is accessible by general audiences - including kids.
Requested French words with [U] sound :
That concludes today's lesson, I hope you have practiced well and feel more confident how to pronounce the French U. If not already done, read the specific lesson explaining the differences between U and OU sounds in French.
And now before leaving :
A detailed #frenchlesson from @FrenchMaestro to pronounce correctly the /y/ sound in #french.
Bonjour ! and let's focus today on how to say the date in French.
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Source : date & Time in Wikipedia
Bonjour ! and welcome to this important lessons on relative pronouns in French. Do you still recall your relative pronouns in English? If not, fret not because you can study relative pronouns French that you can use in your daily speech. In English , relative pronouns include who, which, whom, that and where. Technically, these pronouns are used in connecting dependent clauses or relative clauses to the main clause. Also, they are used as replacement to direct object, indirect object, and preposition
On the other hand, French relative pronouns have also the same function. These pronouns include qui, que, auquel, lequel, duquel, dont and où.
Qui and que
These French relative pronouns are the most commonly used. Both of them can be use when referring to things or persons. The major difference is that qui is being used when referring either to the subject of indirect object for person while que is being used for direct objects. Moreover, qui also comes after a preposition. When compared to English language, qui could mean which, that or who; while que could mean which, that, who and whom.
This relative pronoun is the French version of “which” and it is being used for indirect object. It comes after the prepositions, de, pour, or a and it is only used when pertaining to things. Apart from that, it should also go hand in hand with the gender of the noun as well as the number.
When learning French, you should also master the use of another relative pronoun. When it is translated into English, it could mean of which, of whom or whose. Dont can be used to both things and persons. The best part about learning this relative pronoun is that there is no need for you to change the form. Apart from that, it does not have to agree with anything. Say for instance, when you translate “the films you are talking about in French , you say les films dont tu parles.
You use this French relative pronoun when you refer to times and gevr places. It is the French counterpart of when, where, that and which, depending on how it is used. However, it could also be used as the question word “Where” only that there is a function added. For example, if you want to say’ Paris is the city where we can eat the best nails” in French, you have to say Paris est la ville où on peut manger les meilleurs escargots.
When French relative pronouns are compared to French phonetics, it is clear that the former is much easier to learn and master. However, you still have to do a little legwork in order to get yourself abreast with these French relative pronouns. Although these pronouns are quite similar to the function of English relative pronouns, do take note that there are also underlying differences.
Actually, there is no need for you to pay expensive French tutors just to master these French relative pronouns. All you have to do is to visit a reliable site and you can teach your own self!
Source : articles & relatives on Wikipedia
Bonjour ! and welcome again to a new lesson dedicated to French subjunctive. For most people who are learning to speak new language, subjunctive is quite difficult to understand. It most talks about between the conjugations and making the decision on when to use it. Subjunctive could be very tricky and it is utilized typically in French.
Do not forger the Forms of the Verb
Keep in mind that the initial thing that you need to work on is to memorize the entire verb form. In order for you to do this, the great solution is drilling. As much as possible, you must focus on the common verbs like aller, prendre, avoir, and être. It will talk about more on memorization rather than on understanding.
The conjunction, which is afterward by the subjunctive, is often “que”
Some conjunctions such as “si” and “quand” don’t make use of French subjunctive. Thus, what you need to think about is making use of the subjunctive whenever you are going to say a sentence along with “que”.
The subjunctive merely occurs when various people are involved as well with impersonal constructions such as “il faut”
Example of this includes:
“Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; this is equal to 2 people which is subjunctive
“Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; which is indicative
You don’t need to think about the interrogative form of the subjunctive
This stuff is very simple. You don’t need to think about it since there aren’t any. Hence, you can make use of the subjunctive clause in a certain questions such as “Voulez-vous queje vienne avec vous?”, however there is no such way for you to change a subjunctive clause to make a question.
Now that you have already understood the basic rule, the next thing you need to understand now is the French subjunctive itself.
The subjunctive is utilized in French in an amount of common cases. On general, it is used in dependent clauses next to expressions that show emotion, doubt, conjecture and subjectivity as well. After countless verbs showing doubt, fear or perhaps negative feelings, at the same after “avant que” the verb on the dependent clause is followed by “ne”, however keep in mind that this isn’t a marker of negation.
Some rules when using French subjunctive:
- There must be two various subjects within the sentence, which makes use of the subjunctive.
- The sentence should involve a subordinate clause and main clause in order to utilize the subjunctive.
- The clauses should be linked by “que” or perhaps in those very special cases, “qui”
- The last rule that you must never forget is the sentence should communicate a wish, need, want, desire, emotion, doubt, denial or possibility.
Lister des verbes conjugués + images !
With this in mind, for sure you have a little grasp about French subjunctive. There is no doubt that it could really be trick at first, but if you will take time to understand it and do more research about it, for sure you will do better in learning the French language.
Source : conjugation in French
Learning French Prepositions is probably one of the tedious yet most rewarding task you can do if you're serious about learning French.
One of the most daunting and challenging stuffs when it comes to learning a new language is getting the prepositions properly for the reason that as much as you may like to straightly translate it, you will most of the times get into trouble working on this. Thus, it is essential that you make your time learning on those French prepositions right away to avoid this mistake.
We tend to use prepositions many times in our daily speech however, we frequently taken such things for granted. In most cases, it concludes in misuse of the English prepositions or perhaps interchanging the at’s, in’s and on’s. Hence, an obvious and understandable grasp or perhaps a clear knowledge at the very least when it comes to the English prepositions is in turn before you could learn about the French prepositions.
Most of the times, we work on the foundation prior to acquiring new language, you need to be acquainted first with your own language and how it works. Therefore, in this case, you must keep in mind what prepositions are in the English language.
- Prepositions aid put into perspective of place and time on a particular subject.
- Prepositions work as linking word, which illustrate the link between the other words within the sentence.
- Prepositions are often followed by a pronoun, a noun or a word in English, which ends in –ing
- These contains the word from, to, at, for, into, with, beside, between, within, under, beside and many more.
You have now a clear grasp of how preposition work in the English language, now here are some tips that you should keep in mind on how and when the prepositions are being utilized:
First, you must know that prepositions are being utilized before a pronoun or a noun. It could also come into view after adjectives, connecting it to the other part of the sentence. On the counterpart of French prepositions, when we talk about English language, it is somewhat typical for informal sentences to have prepositions on the ending, even though this is well-thought out as bad grammar, however in French, this in not permitted.
In addition, preposition could acquire an object, however it could also possible in most cases, and some have more than single world. In French prepositions, the same with English, the real use of prepositions could be idiomatic as well. This denotes that it could be sued frequently depending on the sentence. More importantly, you must keep in mind that there is no definite translation of French and English prepositions, but you don’t need to worry since you still an option to do. The perfect thing you can do is to study and learn the words, which are comparatively the same.
I will list here all French prepositions + image.
French prepositions could be quiet challenging at first. Actually, even those advanced learners suffer from confusion when it talks about the several prepositions. In order for you to systematically acquainted along with the right usage of the different type of prepositions, perhaps the best thing to do is to dip yourself into the magical French language with the help of listening to audio and reading to. In this case, it will come to you very simple and easy and you will be able to remember and understand it faster.
Source : French language rules
Bonjour ! and welcome to this French phonetics lesson.
I know, I know… If you are learning French (and chances are as you’re reading this blog post !), one of the most confusing parts is dealing with our phonetics. Imagine a single letter to be pronounced in two or three various ways. Conversely, three to four letters can only make one sound. What ?! Why would be French phonetics so complicated ? Isn’t France the country of philosophers and mathematicians, so keen on logic ?
Don’t worry, we are here to help you :-)
First, this is true : French phonetics is not easy. Not even for French natives kids. You can’t imagine how difficult it is when you’re 5-6 years old trying to learn reading and writing French ! Anyway, with just a few rules and a few exceptions, you can already go far in your learning.
Did you know that the French Alphabet has 37 total sounds? Ideally, the IPA symbol is being used by language experts in marking a certain sound.
To give you deep insight about French phonetics, let’s take a closer look on the 12 French vowels. These vowels refer to the sounds that are being produced in the absence of any obstruction to the air as it exits the month. If you are a beginner in learning French phonetics, your untrained ear would hardly hear these phonemes especially /y/ versus /u/ as well as /œ/ versus /ø/.
Here are some examples of French phonemes that are commonly spelled in words:
1. /i/ – vie, stylo, dix
/e/ – fée, danser, , été, je partirai – in its future tense
/ɛ/ – sel, treize, tête, je partirais – in conditional form
/a/ – gars, là, ami,
/y/ – vu, jus, , tu, sucre, une, nu (although no such sound in English language)
/ø/ – le, œufs, veux, feu (although no such sound in English language)
/œ/ – veulent, professeur, seul, (although no such sound in English language)
/u/ –où, nous, doux, vous,
/o/ – faux, beau, métro, bientôt,
/ɔ/ –sol, pomme, homme, porc,
/ɑ/ – bas, pates, las
/ə/ – le, (Muted E) usually replaced by ø
In French, there are also 4 nasal French phonemes. When you are on your quest to learning French phonetics, you will notice that there is tilde symbol (~) that lies directly above every letter. Again, these phonemes make use of IPA symbol when being marked by linguists.
/ɛ̃/ – gain, , impatient, vin, pain
/œ̃/ – l’un, chacun, parfum,
/õ/ – long, pont, monde,
/ɑ̃/ – enfant, , chamber, dans, l’an
Here are 3 French Semi-Vowels:
How are semi-vowels in French produced? It is through the production of a rapid and upward motion of the tongue while you are pronouncing.
/ɥ/ – huile, lui, nuit
/w/ – oui, moi, ouest
/j/ – yeux, dieu, fillette
These consonants are produced by means of an obstruction in the mouth while you are exhaling.
/p/ – public, plage,
/b/ – bateau, bon, bêtise
/t/ – terre, thé, sottise,
/d/ – dimanche, diner
/k/ – cou, que, carreau
/g/ – gare, gallois, gants
/f/ – flic, fosse, pharmacie
/v/ – avion, vous,
/l/ – le, mille, lait
/s/ – sac, cerise, soixante
/z/ – zoo, guise, visage
/ʃ/ – chat, short, chinois
/ʒ/ – japonais, genial, je
/m/ – magasin, mêler
As you can see, French phonetics is really a bit complicated. However, as long as you are sincere and you are willing to learn the French language, rest assured that you would be able to pull it off in no time. To get adept with French phonetics, you should also study their stress, Liasons and Nasality. Also, do take note that French vowels can be classified as nasal or oral.
Source : International Phonetic Alphabet
Bonjour ! and welcome to today’s lesson focused on How to say Shut up in French.
When someone’s bothering you in Paris, you might surely want to say, SHUT UP! Don’t worry because there are lots of colourful ways to make a person shut up. Do take note that these expressions range from polite to offensive, so it is important that you are crystal clear with the perfect response you give for every occasion.
Say Tais- Toi!
If you are being annoyed when someone around is noisy, you can tell him or her to be quiet by saying “Tais-toi”, pronounced as the-hwah. It is advisable that you make use of a short e sound such that of “bed”. It could mean ‘’hush’ or “shush”. It is polite, right?
You can also use an alternative- Taisez-vous, pronounced as “tehzay-voo”. While you can use short e sound, you can also use long u sound such as in “stool”. This way, you are saying it like ‘Be quiet”. This is considered as a mildly rude way to say shut up in French. However, there are also some instances where in these phrases can be used in a friendly way provided that you do not say with a hostile feeling.
Say “Taise-vous, s'il vous plait!
This phrase is used to ask someone to Please Be quiet. You pronounce this phrased as tayzay-voo, seel voo pla. When saying “taise” you can use logn a sound such that in “ray” and long u sound, as in stool when saying “vous”. Use long e sound when you say “s’ill”. This way of saying be quiet in French is usually used when you want to address someone formally such as when you are talking with someone older than you. You can also use this phrase when you are speaking to bunch of people.
Je vous demande de vous taire !
This one is special, as it is a very famous sentence pronounced by a French political during Presidential elections back in 2002. It actually became a joke !
Say “Ferme ta bouche”!
If you want to say shut up in French , you can say “Ferme ta bouche” pronounced as fairm tah boosh. For ferme, you can use long e sound such that in “ray” and short o as in “rock” for “ta. When saying “bouche”, you can say long u sound, such that in “bouche”. This phrase mean ‘Shut your Mouth”.
Say “Ta Gueule! This expression is that one to use when you want to tell someone to shut up in a very rude manner. If you are too annoyed, you can use this phrase because it is an effective way to say shut up. However, you have to consider a double leap of care when using this phrase, considering that it is the most insulting way to say shut up.
There you have it- some colourful ways to say Shut Up in French. As you can see, each phrase has its own level of impact, ranging from mild to rude. Having that said, it is always necessary that you are careful in using them. While it is paramount that you learn the grammar behind these phrases, it is also paramount that you are clear with the right feeling that has to be associated when saying one of these phrases.
Source : origins on Wikipedia
Bonjour ! and welcome to today’s lesson where we will see When and How to Say Bless You in French. Perhaps you are accustomed to hearing many people say, “bless you” whenever someone sneezes. It is just one of the simple norms. Every sneeze acquires a different ring to it; however, only few words inside the English language that would name that sound, and that is “Achoo”.
Thousand years ago, French people were able to say bless you in French through “santé” that is said to be known from the Romans who were acquainted to say “Salve” that denote “good health to you” or “Jupiter preserve you”. Some Christians in France at this time were used to say “Dieu te/vous bénisse” that should have arrived from the translation of what we know in English as “bless you” or “God bless you.”
On the other hand, the word “God bless you” originated from Pope Gregory the Great, who was able to utter it during the 6th century throughout the plague epidemic. Wishing someone well after they have sneeze is one of those old practice we have, and it is quite found in every part of the globe.
In France, many people were able to respond to sneezing by saying bless you in French through speaking “à tes souhaits”, to individual they use “tu”along with and “a vos souhaits” to individual they use “vous with”. On the other hand, the individual who sneeze will tend to replay “merci.”
Some of the other normal response on how to say bless you in French is “a test amours” however there is a rule when saying it. You can’t tell “a vos amours” to an individual you make use vous with since it is very informal. In addition, the people who does the sneezing will reply “que les tiennes durent toujours” that simply mean that “may yours last forever”.
If you will observe, some individual tell “a test souhaits”, which means “to your wishes” after a person do his or her first sneeze; “a tes amours” that means to your loves after the following sneeze and the third sneeze you will say “qu’elles durent toujours” which means that may they last forever.
Most of the times, young individual tend to add he fourth one whenever the person keeps on saying “va crever” or “crever” that means “die” or the famous expression of Adma Osimole “go and die”. Wishing a person well after he or she sneeze are recognized to began countless of years ago. It was said that whenever an individual sneezes, it is for the reason that a divine spirit was passing by and at the same time one has to tell his or her wisher before he left.
If you are learning the new language such as French, it is essential that you’ve also considered some of the commonly used expressions like bless you in French that will enables you to get familiarized the language. This is one of the beginner phrases you need to know if you’re still new in learning the French language.
Source : responses to sneezing on Wikipedia
Learning how to write the date in French shouldn't be a problem for you. The system used in France is common to many countries, and chances are you will only see a few differences with your own system.
Guide in Writing Date in French
Dates that are written in French are ordered by the year, month and day. This type of format is being utilized in both longer and shorthand date notation, but the longer notation usually requires knowledge of the French names for each month, French days of the week and French numbers. Writing French date is not that difficult, though you should remember to use the day month guide. Unlike in English, the names of days and months of the week are not capitalized.
Shorthand French Dates
The version of shorthand date in French would include the year, month and day that are divided by a backlash. For example, if you want to represent December 5, 2014, you would write, 05/12/14.
Long Version of the French Dates
If you want to fully write the dates in French, all you need to do is to use the same order of details and information as noted above, but precede it with appropriate French article. For example, if you want to write Friday, April 8, 2005, you could write “le 8 avril 2005”. The preceding article “the or le” remains the same for all the date notations.
Writing Dates in French
Learn the Proper Way to Write the Date
When it comes in writing the date in French, it is written in the format of “day month year” with no commas. Don’t capitalized the name of the month.
· 5 aout 2011 (5/8/2011)
· 16 mars 2009 (65/3/2009
Proper Way to Write Days of Week
If you are interested to know and learn the proper way of pronouncing and writing days of week in French, kindly refer to the guide mentioned above. You should bear in mind that in French, the names of the days are not capitalized.
If you are one of those people who want to learn the proper and easiest way of pronouncing and writing dates in French, you don’t need to worry since there are lots of online websites that will greatly help you with your concern. When it comes in writing the date in French, French Maestro is the perfect website to consider and visit. There is no need for you to search for other websites since French Maestro is the ultimate solution to your problem.
We will provide you with accurate information about the proper way in pronouncing and writing the dates in French. We are always willing and ready to help and guide you in learning the French language. For almost years, we are providing valuable information to all their potential clients. If you want to gather more information about French Maestro, please feel free to visit our website at http://www.frenchmaestro.com. Visit our website today and we will be glad to guide and help you in learning the French language.
How to Say the Days and Months in French Like a Native
Maybe you are planning to stay in a country where the most spoken language is French or you just want to learn how to write and speak this language. If you are a beginner, you can begin by learning how to write and say the days and months in French.
One thing that you should keep in mind is that the days and months in this language don’t start with a capital letter. Here’s how to write and say the days and months in French.
Note that the French week begins on Monday instead of Sunday.
· January - janvier
· February - février
· March - mars
· April - avril
· May - mai
· June - juin
· July - juillet
· August - août
· September - septembre
· October - octobre
· November - novembre
· December - décembre
There are French prepositions that are commonly used with months :
You can use a French calendar to recall these words more easily. Remember that practice makes perfect. Note how the words are pronounced and practice saying them out loud.
How to Improve Your French Pronunciation
French pronunciation is not easy with all the multiple sounds for one letter, different variations to the typical phonetic rules and silent letters. Some letters have two or more sounds and some combinations of letters sound different when pronounced. There are certain French phonetic symbols and accents that should be kept in mind as well.
You can improve your French pronunciation by listening to everything in French. Always remember that the more you listen to and familiarize your tongue with the French language, the more natural and better you will sound when you read or speak.
You should also practice speaking the words aloud. Repeat sentences, verbal forms and lessons to improve your pronunciation. You could try recording yourself while saying the words out loud to hear your actual French pronunciation. This is a good way to know if you’re actually getting the pronunciation right. Recording yourself will also make it easier for you to point out and correct your mistakes. You can take advantage of online pronunciation tools and listen to the right pronunciation of words.
Learning French may not be easy, but it is not completely impossible. There are lessons that will teach you how to write and say the days and months in French, the most common French words and phrases and more.
French Maestro provides French lessons for all levels. Learn how to properly write and say French words and phrases through professionally recorded video and audios. With French Maestro, you will get the perfect French pronunciation within 6 weeks!
Source : dates and days representation