Bonjour ! and welcome to this French phonetics lesson.
I know, I know… If you are learning French (and chances are as you’re reading this blog post !), one of the most confusing parts is dealing with our phonetics. Imagine a single letter to be pronounced in two or three various ways. Conversely, three to four letters can only make one sound. What ?! Why would be French phonetics so complicated ? Isn’t France the country of philosophers and mathematicians, so keen on logic ?
Don’t worry, we are here to help you :-)
First, this is true : French phonetics is not easy. Not even for French natives kids. You can’t imagine how difficult it is when you’re 5-6 years old trying to learn reading and writing French ! Anyway, with just a few rules and a few exceptions, you can already go far in your learning.
Did you know that the French Alphabet has 37 total sounds? Ideally, the IPA symbol is being used by language experts in marking a certain sound.
To give you deep insight about French phonetics, let’s take a closer look on the 12 French vowels. These vowels refer to the sounds that are being produced in the absence of any obstruction to the air as it exits the month. If you are a beginner in learning French phonetics, your untrained ear would hardly hear these phonemes especially /y/ versus /u/ as well as /œ/ versus /ø/.
Here are some examples of French phonemes that are commonly spelled in words:
1. /i/ – vie, stylo, dix
/e/ – fée, danser, , été, je partirai – in its future tense
/ɛ/ – sel, treize, tête, je partirais – in conditional form
/a/ – gars, là, ami,
/y/ – vu, jus, , tu, sucre, une, nu (although no such sound in English language)
/ø/ – le, œufs, veux, feu (although no such sound in English language)
/œ/ – veulent, professeur, seul, (although no such sound in English language)
/u/ –où, nous, doux, vous,
/o/ – faux, beau, métro, bientôt,
/ɔ/ –sol, pomme, homme, porc,
/ɑ/ – bas, pates, las
/ə/ – le, (Muted E) usually replaced by ø
In French, there are also 4 nasal French phonemes. When you are on your quest to learning French phonetics, you will notice that there is tilde symbol (~) that lies directly above every letter. Again, these phonemes make use of IPA symbol when being marked by linguists.
/ɛ̃/ – gain, , impatient, vin, pain
/œ̃/ – l’un, chacun, parfum,
/õ/ – long, pont, monde,
/ɑ̃/ – enfant, , chamber, dans, l’an
Here are 3 French Semi-Vowels:
How are semi-vowels in French produced? It is through the production of a rapid and upward motion of the tongue while you are pronouncing.
/ɥ/ – huile, lui, nuit
/w/ – oui, moi, ouest
/j/ – yeux, dieu, fillette
These consonants are produced by means of an obstruction in the mouth while you are exhaling.
/p/ – public, plage,
/b/ – bateau, bon, bêtise
/t/ – terre, thé, sottise,
/d/ – dimanche, diner
/k/ – cou, que, carreau
/g/ – gare, gallois, gants
/f/ – flic, fosse, pharmacie
/v/ – avion, vous,
/l/ – le, mille, lait
/s/ – sac, cerise, soixante
/z/ – zoo, guise, visage
/ʃ/ – chat, short, chinois
/ʒ/ – japonais, genial, je
/m/ – magasin, mêler
As you can see, French phonetics is really a bit complicated. However, as long as you are sincere and you are willing to learn the French language, rest assured that you would be able to pull it off in no time. To get adept with French phonetics, you should also study their stress, Liasons and Nasality. Also, do take note that French vowels can be classified as nasal or oral.
Source : International Phonetic Alphabet
Bonjour ! and welcome to today’s lesson focused on How to say Shut up in French.
When someone’s bothering you in Paris, you might surely want to say, SHUT UP! Don’t worry because there are lots of colourful ways to make a person shut up. Do take note that these expressions range from polite to offensive, so it is important that you are crystal clear with the perfect response you give for every occasion.
Say Tais- Toi!
If you are being annoyed when someone around is noisy, you can tell him or her to be quiet by saying “Tais-toi”, pronounced as the-hwah. It is advisable that you make use of a short e sound such that of “bed”. It could mean ‘’hush’ or “shush”. It is polite, right?
You can also use an alternative- Taisez-vous, pronounced as “tehzay-voo”. While you can use short e sound, you can also use long u sound such as in “stool”. This way, you are saying it like ‘Be quiet”. This is considered as a mildly rude way to say shut up in French. However, there are also some instances where in these phrases can be used in a friendly way provided that you do not say with a hostile feeling.
Say “Taise-vous, s'il vous plait!
This phrase is used to ask someone to Please Be quiet. You pronounce this phrased as tayzay-voo, seel voo pla. When saying “taise” you can use logn a sound such that in “ray” and long u sound, as in stool when saying “vous”. Use long e sound when you say “s’ill”. This way of saying be quiet in French is usually used when you want to address someone formally such as when you are talking with someone older than you. You can also use this phrase when you are speaking to bunch of people.
Je vous demande de vous taire !
This one is special, as it is a very famous sentence pronounced by a French political during Presidential elections back in 2002. It actually became a joke !
Say “Ferme ta bouche”!
If you want to say shut up in French , you can say “Ferme ta bouche” pronounced as fairm tah boosh. For ferme, you can use long e sound such that in “ray” and short o as in “rock” for “ta. When saying “bouche”, you can say long u sound, such that in “bouche”. This phrase mean ‘Shut your Mouth”.
Say “Ta Gueule! This expression is that one to use when you want to tell someone to shut up in a very rude manner. If you are too annoyed, you can use this phrase because it is an effective way to say shut up. However, you have to consider a double leap of care when using this phrase, considering that it is the most insulting way to say shut up.
There you have it- some colourful ways to say Shut Up in French. As you can see, each phrase has its own level of impact, ranging from mild to rude. Having that said, it is always necessary that you are careful in using them. While it is paramount that you learn the grammar behind these phrases, it is also paramount that you are clear with the right feeling that has to be associated when saying one of these phrases.
Source : origins on Wikipedia
Bonjour ! and welcome to today’s lesson where we will see When and How to Say Bless You in French. Perhaps you are accustomed to hearing many people say, “bless you” whenever someone sneezes. It is just one of the simple norms. Every sneeze acquires a different ring to it; however, only few words inside the English language that would name that sound, and that is “Achoo”.
Thousand years ago, French people were able to say bless you in French through “santé” that is said to be known from the Romans who were acquainted to say “Salve” that denote “good health to you” or “Jupiter preserve you”. Some Christians in France at this time were used to say “Dieu te/vous bénisse” that should have arrived from the translation of what we know in English as “bless you” or “God bless you.”
On the other hand, the word “God bless you” originated from Pope Gregory the Great, who was able to utter it during the 6th century throughout the plague epidemic. Wishing someone well after they have sneeze is one of those old practice we have, and it is quite found in every part of the globe.
In France, many people were able to respond to sneezing by saying bless you in French through speaking “à tes souhaits”, to individual they use “tu”along with and “a vos souhaits” to individual they use “vous with”. On the other hand, the individual who sneeze will tend to replay “merci.”
Some of the other normal response on how to say bless you in French is “a test amours” however there is a rule when saying it. You can’t tell “a vos amours” to an individual you make use vous with since it is very informal. In addition, the people who does the sneezing will reply “que les tiennes durent toujours” that simply mean that “may yours last forever”.
If you will observe, some individual tell “a test souhaits”, which means “to your wishes” after a person do his or her first sneeze; “a tes amours” that means to your loves after the following sneeze and the third sneeze you will say “qu’elles durent toujours” which means that may they last forever.
Most of the times, young individual tend to add he fourth one whenever the person keeps on saying “va crever” or “crever” that means “die” or the famous expression of Adma Osimole “go and die”. Wishing a person well after he or she sneeze are recognized to began countless of years ago. It was said that whenever an individual sneezes, it is for the reason that a divine spirit was passing by and at the same time one has to tell his or her wisher before he left.
If you are learning the new language such as French, it is essential that you’ve also considered some of the commonly used expressions like bless you in French that will enables you to get familiarized the language. This is one of the beginner phrases you need to know if you’re still new in learning the French language.
Source : responses to sneezing on Wikipedia
Learning how to write the date in French shouldn't be a problem for you. The system used in France is common to many countries, and chances are you will only see a few differences with your own system.
Guide in Writing Date in French
Dates that are written in French are ordered by the year, month and day. This type of format is being utilized in both longer and shorthand date notation, but the longer notation usually requires knowledge of the French names for each month, French days of the week and French numbers. Writing French date is not that difficult, though you should remember to use the day month guide. Unlike in English, the names of days and months of the week are not capitalized.
Shorthand French Dates
The version of shorthand date in French would include the year, month and day that are divided by a backlash. For example, if you want to represent December 5, 2014, you would write, 05/12/14.
Long Version of the French Dates
If you want to fully write the dates in French, all you need to do is to use the same order of details and information as noted above, but precede it with appropriate French article. For example, if you want to write Friday, April 8, 2005, you could write “le 8 avril 2005”. The preceding article “the or le” remains the same for all the date notations.
Writing Dates in French
Learn the Proper Way to Write the Date
When it comes in writing the date in French, it is written in the format of “day month year” with no commas. Don’t capitalized the name of the month.
· 5 aout 2011 (5/8/2011)
· 16 mars 2009 (65/3/2009
Proper Way to Write Days of Week
If you are interested to know and learn the proper way of pronouncing and writing days of week in French, kindly refer to the guide mentioned above. You should bear in mind that in French, the names of the days are not capitalized.
If you are one of those people who want to learn the proper and easiest way of pronouncing and writing dates in French, you don’t need to worry since there are lots of online websites that will greatly help you with your concern. When it comes in writing the date in French, French Maestro is the perfect website to consider and visit. There is no need for you to search for other websites since French Maestro is the ultimate solution to your problem.
We will provide you with accurate information about the proper way in pronouncing and writing the dates in French. We are always willing and ready to help and guide you in learning the French language. For almost years, we are providing valuable information to all their potential clients. If you want to gather more information about French Maestro, please feel free to visit our website at http://www.frenchmaestro.com. Visit our website today and we will be glad to guide and help you in learning the French language.
How to Say the Days and Months in French Like a Native
Maybe you are planning to stay in a country where the most spoken language is French or you just want to learn how to write and speak this language. If you are a beginner, you can begin by learning how to write and say the days and months in French.
One thing that you should keep in mind is that the days and months in this language don’t start with a capital letter. Here’s how to write and say the days and months in French.
Note that the French week begins on Monday instead of Sunday.
· January - janvier
· February - février
· March - mars
· April - avril
· May - mai
· June - juin
· July - juillet
· August - août
· September - septembre
· October - octobre
· November - novembre
· December - décembre
There are French prepositions that are commonly used with months :
You can use a French calendar to recall these words more easily. Remember that practice makes perfect. Note how the words are pronounced and practice saying them out loud.
How to Improve Your French Pronunciation
French pronunciation is not easy with all the multiple sounds for one letter, different variations to the typical phonetic rules and silent letters. Some letters have two or more sounds and some combinations of letters sound different when pronounced. There are certain French phonetic symbols and accents that should be kept in mind as well.
You can improve your French pronunciation by listening to everything in French. Always remember that the more you listen to and familiarize your tongue with the French language, the more natural and better you will sound when you read or speak.
You should also practice speaking the words aloud. Repeat sentences, verbal forms and lessons to improve your pronunciation. You could try recording yourself while saying the words out loud to hear your actual French pronunciation. This is a good way to know if you’re actually getting the pronunciation right. Recording yourself will also make it easier for you to point out and correct your mistakes. You can take advantage of online pronunciation tools and listen to the right pronunciation of words.
Learning French may not be easy, but it is not completely impossible. There are lessons that will teach you how to write and say the days and months in French, the most common French words and phrases and more.
French Maestro provides French lessons for all levels. Learn how to properly write and say French words and phrases through professionally recorded video and audios. With French Maestro, you will get the perfect French pronunciation within 6 weeks!
Source : dates and days representation
Bonjour et bienvenue ! it's my pleasure to welcome you in this lesson dedicated to French time expressions.
Almost as imperative as verbs, time expressions certainly help individuals to better understand whether they are referring to present, past and the future. When talking about French time expressions, there are actually more than a dozen of vocabulary that you need to learn regarding the broad scope covered by French time expressions including points in time, periods of time, frequency, relative time and more.
If you want to understand and learn more about French time expression, you need to be familiar with the following time expressions in French:
Aside from period of time, days of the week and points of time, relative time is another French time expression that you should learn. Taking time to get to know these time expressions will give you clearer insights as to when situations and things fall or happen giving you the chance not just to understand things clearly but communicate effectively with other French people.
How to Learn French Time Expressions
Nowadays, increased numbers of individuals are showing enthusiasm to learn French time expressions. Though many have already master it, there are still those who lack idea on where and how to start learning French time expressions. Good thing is that these time expressions can now be learned easily with the help of the most trusted site that teaches French lessons.
Learn French Time Expressions with Style with the Help of French Maestro
If you want to learn French time expressions with style and be able to pronounce them properly like a native, French Maestro can be of great help to you. This is focused in French pronunciation so if you are planning to learn French language and French time expressions and at the same time improves your pronunciation; you have come into the right place. To gain access of their exclusive French lessons, feel free to visit http://www.frenchmaestro.com/. This site will surely teach you how to speak French like a native right away!
Source : more about Sunday on Wikipedia
Days of the Week in French
France is popular for so many things such as cuisine, travel destinations, culture, people and even French language never fail to impress and express. If you are thinking of a place to travel, France is an ideal choice. Aside from traveling, France is also perfect place to start a business, start a new career or even start a new family.
There are so many things about France that you need to enjoy but of course, enjoyment tends to be the price of learning. Yes, you definitely have to learn all about France for you to appreciate and understand its beauty and entire existence. If you are a traveler or simply an individual who have the desire to stay in France for good, you definitely need to learn French time expressions and these include days of the week in French.
If you get the chance to take a closer glimpse on the wordings of days of the week in French, you will notice that in French, they do not really have capital letters. The same also goes for the names of months in French. For individuals who wanted to learn days of the week in French but lazy with capitalizations they are lucky enough.
The days of the week in French are as follows:
The given terms pertaining to days of the week in French are very useful especially when talking about particular time of the week and when communicating with other people which might require telling accurate days. If you want to become a fluent French speaker, you need to devote time to learn about French language and that includes French time expressions which also further cover days of the week in French.
How to Learn Days of the Week in French?
When individuals say that French is such a beautiful language, they are actually talking about the way on how it sounds. If you want to learn French language, you better consider taking French lessons because this is the only effective means to work on your pronunciation so that you will be better understood. You also need to practice the art of listening to ensure that you can understand others.
Learn French the Easy Way with French Maestro
Some are not really open about the idea of learning French language thinking that it is ultimately difficult. This is actually not true. With French Maestro, you get the chance to learn French language the easy way. By getting access to their exclusive French lessons, you can now learn to speak French language like a real native.
French Maestro also caters to the needs of individuals who wanted to learn French time expressions most particularly days of the week in French. If you want faster and best results, take advantage of the French lessons they offer. For more information, feel free to visit http://www.frenchmaestro.com/.
Source : French days on Wikipedia
Bonjour ! and welcome to our daily lesson, dedicated today to writing & saying the months of the year in French.
Most people find it hard to learn French. You spend months and even years learning from books and when you finally go to France and try to talk to the common person, no one understands what you’re saying. What happened? You were so sure that your pronunciation and sentences were correct. There’s a huge difference between written and spoken French. Aside from the changes in pronunciation, the liaisons are also different. Some of the articles or pronouns may disappear altogether and the gliding is more noticeable.
You may have memorized the entire book, but actually using your language skills on the street is a completely different experience. If you’re learning French just to be good at verb tenses or read poetry, then it will be enough to learn from books. However, if you want to communicate with other people or you’re planning to go on a vacation in countries where French is the language spoken by most people, then you need to see and hear spoken French.
As a beginner, you can start by learning how to write and say the months of the year in French. What you need to remember is that the names of the months in French don’t start with a capital letter. You will notice that the sounds of the words are extremely similar to English, so it shouldn’t give you a hard time.
Here’s how to write and say the months of the year in French.
Contrary to English or German for instance, the months do NOT take any capitalization of their first letter in French. So the rules are :
Learn French through Videos and Audios
Phrases may be pronounced differently. For instance, the 7 syllables you learned on the book become 4 when spoken. Lessons based on videos and audios can help improve your listening and pronunciation skills and make it equal to native French speakers. You can also watch videos and listen to audios anywhere. Whether you are in your bedroom, car or kitchen or even while you are gardening, you can learn French at your own pace.
Where Can You Find French Audio Lessons
French Maestro offers French lessons for all levels. The lessons are professionally recorded and you can find videos and videos in all kinds of topics like vocabulary and grammar. The lessons will not only teach you how to write and say the months of the year in French. You will also learn French time expressions, days of the week in French as well as how to write and say the date in French.
Learning French can be an extremely rewarding skill and experience. This is particularly beneficial if you are planning to stay in countries where most people speak French for a long time. French Maestro makes the process of learning French easy. With clear videos and audios, you can learn how to pronounce French the right way and speak the language like a native.
Source : Gregorian calendar
"Bonjour ! Quelle heure est-il ? " That's a question that could catch you by surprise. Especially if you do not know very well how to express time in French. Whether at the office, at home, with friends or in the streets you may have to face the situation of being asked about time. No need to panic ! "Pas de problèmes" as we say in French. We will reveal you all the tricks that never fail.
Needless to say you first need to know how to count from 0 to 24 (in a few words " de zéro à vingt-quatre" ). If you don't master completely this skill, no worry, we have a dedicated lesson for French numbers, so you can always refer to it.
And now, let's focus on telling time in French in the morning, starting at 10 am.
It's 10am, "dix heures du matin" as we say. Usually at that time French people are half way to their morning.... sometimes already thinking about the coming lunch (no kidding, you know how important it is for us... I recall some conversations with my colleagues about the choice of the restaurant for the lunch starting even earlier !).
Now let's see in detail how we tell the time in French. The table below shows how to write the time starting from 10:00am up to 10:55am, broken down per 5 minutes slot. You can here the audio version of all those texts right above or directly on our Soundcloud page.
See, it wasn't that complicated :-) If you learn those 12 different ways to indicate time in French, you will be able to express yourself in nearly all situations. Yet, you may wonder : what about other times ? For instance : how do I say 10:28 in French ? Well, the system is quite easy, as you just use the following form : [the word for the hour + the word "heures" + the word for the minutes]. Finally, 10:28am would be written as "dix heures vingt-huit". More examples below :
Enough for the rules & the writing, let's turn to the correct French pronunciation as we want you to get it, that's our commitment !
Providing you already know how to pronounce the numbers in French, chances are you won't have any difficulty for telling time.
In the image below, we have gathered all French words for expressing time between 10am and 11 am. As you can see, that's only a dozen of words to master maximum. And the good news : you will find them in nearly all other time slots.
Probably the most important point here is to make the correct liaison between the word "dix" and the word "heures". So eventually, "dix heures" must be pronounced like /diz œʁ/
To pronounce correctly the 10th hour of the day in French, there are around 15 different syllables / sounds to master :
As you may have noticed, there are a few mute consonants in those words above. So be sure not to pronounce the final "gt", "t" and "s" of those numbers / words :
OK, so we've seen the rules, the expressions, their pronunciations, the syllables... I think we're done for today's lesson :-)
So, did you get it ? Some figures/numbers were difficult to pronounce ? In that case, why don't you try our lessons about figures and numbers ? It could be a way to learn or consolidate numbers and figures which are one of the basis of French language. You can do it ! We know it. Keep learning and May the French be with you.
If you liked this French lesson, don't hesitate to share it online :
a very detailed #frenchlesson : how to tell time in #french and get correct pronunciation
Source : heure en France
Saying good night is one of the most common phrases in any language. And just like in the English language there are several ways to say good night in French. French is a rich, vibrant, beautiful language that is one of the easiest to learn and provides several ways with saying good night.
Bonne Nuit (bohn NWEE): The standard way to say good night in the French language is Bonne Nuit It is a very simple, common way to say the phrase. It is used when you are telling someone or a group of people that you are retiring or going to sleep for the evening. However, there are other ways to express good night to someone in French.
Bonsoir (bong-SWAHR): This phrase translates to good night or good evening. It is most often used when saying hello or greeting someone in the evening or at night. Bonsoir is also a very common phrase and most often heard when meeting friends or family under the evening or night sky.
Je vais dormer (zhuh vay door-mee): This is another variation when announcing that you are going to sleep. The phrase itself does not necessarily imply that it is night, but it is often used when retiring for the evening. Je vais dormer translates to I will go to sleep.
Je vais me coucher (zhuh vay meh koo-shay): Here, the phrase translates to I will go to bed which is a slight variation of Je vais dormer. The difference is that you are telling someone or a group of people the destination as opposed to telling them that you are going to sleep although the phrases can be interchanged.
Je vais pieuter (zhuh vay pyuh-teh): This is a slang term in French that translates to I am going to sleep. It is very similar to Je vais dormer, but again it is a slang term that is fairly common in the French language.
Je vais roupiller (zhuh vay ru-pii-jeh): This is another slang term or phrase in French that translates to I am going to snooze. As with the English language, there are variations for the term sleep and this is incorporated into the French language as well.
Dormez bien (door-meh byang): This is a term that translates to sleep well. Here, you are wishing the person a pleasant night’s sleep.
Fais de beaux reves (feh duh bo RAI-vuh):This is a phrase that means sweet dreams. It directly translates to make of beautiful dreams.
J’espere que vous dormez tranquille (zeh-spehr ker voo Door-me trahn-KEEL): A longer phrase that translates to I hope that you sleep soundly. It can also mean I hope you sleep tranquilly, peacefully, or calmly.
Dormez comme un loir (door-meh cohm eu lwar): This is more of a slang phrase that roughly translates to sleep like a log.
Dormez comme un bebe (door-meh cohm eu beh-beh): This is a variation of the previous phrase which tells a person that you hope they sleep like a baby.
All of these variations are meant to say good night in French either from the actions you take to wishing someone else a good night.
Source : French quotes