Warning: include_once(/homepages/37/d607433113/htdocs/clickandbuilds/FrenchMaestro/wp-content/plugins/Login-wall-FIlSr/login_wall.php): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /homepages/37/d607433113/htdocs/clickandbuilds/FrenchMaestro/wp-settings.php on line 255

Warning: include_once(): Failed opening '/homepages/37/d607433113/htdocs/clickandbuilds/FrenchMaestro/wp-content/plugins/Login-wall-FIlSr/login_wall.php' for inclusion (include_path='.:/usr/lib/php5.5') in /homepages/37/d607433113/htdocs/clickandbuilds/FrenchMaestro/wp-settings.php on line 255
French Grammar Archives - FrenchMaestro
Spread the Word !

Category Archives for French Grammar

List of relative pronouns French

Bonjour ! and welcome to this important lessons on relative pronouns in French. Do you still recall your relative pronouns in English? If not, fret not because you can study relative pronouns French that you can use in your daily speech. In English , relative pronouns include who, which, whom, that and where. Technically, these pronouns are used in connecting dependent clauses or relative clauses to the main clause. Also, they are used as replacement to direct object, indirect object, and preposition

On the other hand, French relative pronouns have also the same function. These pronouns include qui, que, auquel, lequel, duquel, dont and où.

Qui and que

These French relative pronouns are the most commonly used. Both of them can be use when referring to things or persons. The major difference is that qui is being used when referring either to the subject of indirect object for person while que is being used for direct objects. Moreover, qui also comes after a preposition. When compared to English language, qui could mean which, that or who; while que could mean which, that, who and whom.

Lequel

This relative pronoun is the French version of “which” and it is being used for indirect object. It comes after the prepositions, de, pour, or a and it is only used when pertaining to things. Apart from that, it should also go hand in hand with the gender of the noun as well as the number.

Dont

When learning French, you should also master the use of another relative pronoun. When it is translated into English, it could mean of which, of whom or whose. Dont can be used to both things and persons. The best part about learning this relative pronoun is that there is no need for you to change the form. Apart from that, it does not have to agree with anything. Say for instance, when you translate “the films you are talking about in French , you say les films dont tu parles.

You use this French relative pronoun when you refer to times and gevr places. It is the French counterpart of when, where, that and which, depending on how it is used. However, it could also be used as the question word “Where” only that there is a function added. For example, if you want to say’ Paris is the city where we can eat the best nails” in French, you have to say Paris est la ville où on peut manger les meilleurs escargots.

When French relative pronouns are compared to French phonetics, it is clear that the former is much easier to learn and master. However, you still have to do a little legwork in order to get yourself abreast with these French relative pronouns. Although these pronouns are quite similar to the function of English relative pronouns, do take note that there are also underlying differences.

Actually, there is no need for you to pay expensive French tutors just to master these French relative pronouns. All you have to do is to visit a reliable site and you can teach your own self!

Source : articles & relatives on Wikipedia

Do you really know all about French subjunctive ?

Bonjour ! and welcome again to a new lesson dedicated to French subjunctive. For most people who are learning to speak new language, subjunctive is quite difficult to understand. It most talks about between the conjugations and making the decision on when to use it. Subjunctive could be very tricky and it is utilized typically in French.

Do not forger the Forms of the Verb

Keep in mind that the initial thing that you need to work on is to memorize the entire verb form. In order for you to do this, the great solution is drilling. As much as possible, you must focus on the common verbs like aller, prendre, avoir, and être. It will talk about more on memorization rather than on understanding.

The conjunction, which is afterward by the subjunctive, is often “que”

Some conjunctions such as “si” and “quand” don’t make use of French subjunctive. Thus, what you need to think about is making use of the subjunctive whenever you are going to say a sentence along with “que”.

The subjunctive merely occurs when various people are involved as well with impersonal constructions such as “il faut”

Example of this includes:

“Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; this is equal to 2 people which is subjunctive

Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; which is indicative

You don’t need to think about the interrogative form of the subjunctive

This stuff is very simple. You don’t need to think about it since there aren’t any. Hence, you can make use of the subjunctive clause in a certain questions such as “Voulez-vous queje vienne avec vous?”, however there is no such way for you to change a subjunctive clause to make a question.

Now that you have already understood the basic rule, the next thing you need to understand now is the French subjunctive itself.

What are the uses of subjunctive in French?

The subjunctive is utilized in French in an amount of common cases. On general, it is used in dependent clauses next to expressions that show emotion, doubt, conjecture and subjectivity as well. After countless verbs showing doubt, fear or perhaps negative feelings, at the same after “avant que” the verb on the dependent clause is followed by “ne”, however keep in mind that this isn’t a marker of negation.

Some rules when using French subjunctive:

- There must be two various subjects within the sentence, which makes use of the subjunctive.

- The sentence should involve a subordinate clause and main clause in order to utilize the subjunctive.

- The clauses should be linked by “que” or perhaps in those very special cases, “qui”

- The last rule that you must never forget is the sentence should communicate a wish, need, want, desire, emotion, doubt, denial or possibility.

French subjunctive of common verbs

Lister des verbes conjugués + images !

With this in mind, for sure you have a little grasp about French subjunctive. There is no doubt that it could really be trick at first, but if you will take time to understand it and do more research about it, for sure you will do better in learning the French language.

​Source : conjugation in French

Learning French prepositions

Learning French Prepositions is probably one of the tedious yet most rewarding task you can do if you're serious about learning French. 

One of the most daunting and challenging stuffs when it comes to learning a new language is getting the prepositions properly for the reason that as much as you may like to straightly translate it, you will most of the times get into trouble working on this. Thus, it is essential that you make your time learning on those French prepositions right away to avoid this mistake.

French prepositions : tips & rules

We tend to use prepositions many times in our daily speech however, we frequently taken such things for granted. In most cases, it concludes in misuse of the English prepositions or perhaps interchanging the at’s, in’s and on’s. Hence, an obvious and understandable grasp or perhaps a clear knowledge at the very least when it comes to the English prepositions is in turn before you could learn about the French prepositions.

Most of the times, we work on the foundation prior to acquiring new language, you need to be acquainted first with your own language and how it works. Therefore, in this case, you must keep in mind what prepositions are in the English language.

- Prepositions aid put into perspective of place and time on a particular subject.

- Prepositions work as linking word, which illustrate the link between the other words within the sentence.

- Prepositions are often followed by a pronoun, a noun or a word in English, which ends in –ing

- These contains the word from, to, at, for, into, with, beside, between, within, under, beside and many more.

You have now a clear grasp of how preposition work in the English language, now here are some tips that you should keep in mind on how and when the prepositions are being utilized:

First, you must know that prepositions are being utilized before a pronoun or a noun. It could also come into view after adjectives, connecting it to the other part of the sentence. On the counterpart of French prepositions, when we talk about English language, it is somewhat typical for informal sentences to have prepositions on the ending, even though this is well-thought out as bad grammar, however in French, this in not permitted.

In addition, preposition could acquire an object, however it could also possible in most cases, and some have more than single world. In French prepositions, the same with English, the real use of prepositions could be idiomatic as well. This denotes that it could be sued frequently depending on the sentence. More importantly, you must keep in mind that there is no definite translation of French and English prepositions, but you don’t need to worry since you still an option to do. The perfect thing you can do is to study and learn the words, which are comparatively the same.

Exhaustive list of French prepositions

I will list here all French prepositions + image. 

French prepositions could be quiet challenging at first. Actually, even those advanced learners suffer from confusion when it talks about the several prepositions. In order for you to systematically acquainted along with the right usage of the different type of prepositions, perhaps the best thing to do is to dip yourself into the magical French language with the help of listening to audio and reading to. In this case, it will come to you very simple and easy and you will be able to remember and understand it faster.

Source : French language rules

A quick guide for French pronunciation rules

French Pronunciation Rules

As with many languages, learning to pronounce correctly in French can be an extremely difficult and tiring task. For beginners who are just starting out learning a second language or for people who have already mastered several languages – pronunciation is the key to being able to speak fluently like a native.

Like with most languages, learning the French language can be a key resource to communicating and developing relationships with others who too speak the same language. It is an essential, necessity to have the basic pronunciation of words as you are learning this language to ensure that you can communicate your basic needs to those around you. For example, whether it is shopping, or ordering your favorite food, or even having a day to day conversation, both having an understanding and being familiar with the French pronunciation rules of particular words is a must.

Understand, when learning and adapting yourself to French words, there are certain things that you should do. To learn to pronounce correctly, you need to be able to listen and repeat constantly. Listen to French audio and repeat all the time. This will give your tongue the chance to adapt itself to new movements. As you proceed in learning the French language you will find there are much more in-depth pronunciations that you need to cover but to begin with a chart will help you understand more the rules of pronunciation. This is important within the French language because you want to make sure that you are communicating clearly to the individuals in which you are speaking with.

Mastering the French language, like with most languages can be a wonderful thing. It will open you up to the possibility of communicating with other cultures and arenas. It will allow you to explore a heritage even beyond what you thought possible. Knowing this fact, it is highly recommended and very important to master the art of pronunciation within the French language. While it may not be the easiest tasks, it will open you up to a whole other world of communication beyond your wildest dreams. Taking the time to learn this language will not only benefit you, but it will be a benefit to those around you as you explore and meet new people, discover new things, understand new concepts, and broaden your horizon. Thus, this is an essential key component to mastering the French language. Once you take the time to do so, you will not regret it.

Source : French pronunciation tips

Learning French Vowels pronunciation

Learning French Vowels

Learning French is one of the most fun and exciting languages to learn not only because this is a language of romance but also learning the language would make the learners become aware of what French culture is which in turn would give them new perspectives on the importance of a certain language. Just like any other things to learn, everything starts with the basics. This means that before you can have good French articulation, you should know about the fundamental elements of the French language. Among them, of course, are French vowels. If you want to know more about it, continue reading.

The fundamental 6 French vowels

The vowels in French language include Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu, and Yy. Yes. There are six vowels in French language. Here are some examples showing how these vowels are used in French:

Aa /a/ (ah) – as in father

Ee /Ə/ (uh) – as in burp

Ii /i/ (ee) – as in team

Oo /o/ (oh) – as in nut (for close pronunciation) and nose (for open pronunciation)

Uu /y/ (ew) – saying the letter e in English while making the lips say oo

French vowels can be easily learned with the help of the following:

1. Vocabulary. One of the most important factors to consider in learning a second language is the vocabulary. French is a language that is easy to learn most especially when you know how to speak the English language. Most of the English words have a French roots that is why it would be easier to become familiar with French words which would make you become a fluent one without having difficulties.

2. The availability of online courses and tutorials on French vowels, consonants, and grammar. Everyone has now the chance to learn the language of their choice right at their own time and place with ease. You are not going to pay large amount of money just to become a fluent French speaker because you learning the language is just few steps away. All the materials are very accessible to those who are interested to learn the language.

3. Various methods. There is nothing more convenient then learning a language through the help of various methods. Considering that learning French vowels is fun and exciting, learners have the freedom to choose among the different ways to learn where they are convenient at. They can use online French courses and tutorials and other methods to cater what their needs are.

French vowels in the 999 Most Common Words

Enter your text here...

Those are some of the major reasons why learning native French is easy. Considering that there are lots of online websites that offer different French lessons, it is advisable for an individual to choose the one that would give them lots of learnings to get what they are looking for. There are also free online courses and tutorials that is why there is no need to worry if you have a limited budget or no budget at all to learn native French.

If you want to learn more about French vowels and speak the language like a native, French Maestro is there to help you.

Source : vowels theory on Wikipedia

Easy and Effective Ways to Learn French Grammar Rules

Easy and Effective Ways to Learn French Grammar Rules

Aside from the Eiffel Tower and the mouth-watering serving of “Ratatouille”, France has another treasure that has long been embedded in the hearts and minds of its citizens. This is no other than the French language. Millions of people around the world have been captivated by the richness of the country’s language. It will not be surprising if you too are among those folks who are greatly eager to learn this language.

Learning French opens you to overwhelming opportunities to explore and enjoy the country’s rich culture and meet awesome people therein. But before you can be a fluent French speaker, you should know where and how to learn French grammar rules. There are many ways that you can choose from to learn French language and it is up to you to choose which one is suited on your preference and personality. If you do not have an idea regarding the ways in learning the language, below are some of the ways that you can try.

§ CD-ROMs and audio courses. This is for learners who have enough money to burn various learning languages but multimedia courses and traditional methods can also be good alternatives for both practicing speaking and listening or interactive courses on PC at your own time.

§ Classroom. This is considered to be the one of the most traditional approaches to learn French language. Most Americans already learned French grammar rules when they were in high school even though most of the time not with good results.

§ Immersion. If you have the needed money and time, then immersion is suited for you. On the other hand, if you do not have knowledge regarding French grammar and vocabulary, passive listening would not be easy and most of all would not make you master and become fluent without having further study.

§ Library books. If you are just beginning to learn the language, you do not a mainly need instructional materials on French grammar rules, vocab books, and dictionary. Books are very useful and can be used for studying but these would not help you with speaking and listening comprehension.

§ Online French courses. This is one of the most common ways to learn French language and suited for people who only have limited time and money but willing to learn the language.

§ Private tutor. This would allow the learner to have a completely tailored and unique learning experience and opportunities to master and practice speaking the language. Unlike in a classroom setting, private tutoring provides quicker results. On the other hand, this does not come in a budget-friendly cost and you also need pay high rate per hour for experienced tutor. With a private tutor, you may have intensive lessons on French grammar rules.

§ Tandem partners. This is one of techniques wherein two people who are interested to learn and master the language of each other take turns as student and teacher. This is a good choice if you know some French words and only want to practice.

Those are some of the effective ways to learn French grammar rules. But if you want to make sure that you are learning the language in the best ways possible, contact French Maestro now!

Source : French grammar on Wikipedia

French Grammar Pronouns

In French grammar pronouns are definitely a difficult piece. But they are important to master as they will make the difference between basic French phrases and more complex structured language. So stay with us and soon you will feel comfortable enough to use them !

French can be one of the most complicated languages to learn. This is why many find the language difficult to study and learn. But once you take learning the language more seriously, you will find out that it is more challenging to learn a language that is unfamiliar and complex.

Unlike in the English language, French has its own set of pronouns that have to be used properly within a sentence. French grammar pronouns are rich that makes studying the language more interesting for most people. Learning French pronouns will help you learn the most standard and basic phrases and expressions such as saying “good morning” and many more simple expressions that you will have to learn in the long run.

Pronoun is just a simple subject in grammar that you need to master in French language. The approach of learning French grammar pronouns is a serious matter that you need to take a look in a deeper concept. There are several types of French pronouns that you will find exciting and interesting to study such as the personal, impersonal and many more.

For personal pronouns, you will have to address a person whether in the 1st, 2nd or 3rd person. For singular personal pronouns, “je” means “I”, “tu” means “you” and lastly “elle” for she, “il” for he and “on” for people. Meanwhile for plural personal pronoun, the “nous” stands for “we”, “vous” for “you” and “elles” the feminine form for “they” while “ills” for the masculine form.

In grammatical usage, once you use “vous” to address someone, you are showing respect to the person. Usually, the French grammar pronoun “vous” is commonly used in normal conversation among professional. On the other hand, if you use “tu” in a conversation among friends and nearest family member, that means you are getting a closer attention and connection from them. Basically, you can use “tu” not so professionally. However, in a formal conversation, you must permission from the person if you can address him/her with “tu”. Once the person allowed you to use it to address him, then that is the time that you can use the pronoun.

The French pronoun “on” is most commonly used to represent a group of people in its plural sense. It can also be utilized in creating passive sentences in French wherein it will act as the subject. But basically, once “on” has been used in a sentence, it turns out into “l’on” only when it is followed by “et” or a word that ends in a vowel.

French grammar pronouns list

Here is a list of most important French pronouns. We recommend you to learn them by groups of five : 1 per day during the week days, and revising them on weekends.  

Impersonal French pronouns are divided into categories such as demonstrative, indefinite demonstratives, interrogatives, negatives and many more. For demonstratives are “celui”, “celle”, “ceux” whereas in indefinite it includes “ce”, “ceci” and “cela” and a lot more. French grammar pronouns that are categorized under impersonal pronouns are lesser complicate to use than that of the personal pronouns. But after all, once you get to know them better, you can say that French can be easy to learn. You must take some time in learning all those pronouns.

Source : Pronouns in French on Wikipedia

French Grammar Imparfait

In French grammar imparfait refers to a past tense of verbs. It is a notion that you will often find when reading French books, particularly novels, so it is quite important that you master it as much as possible. But don't worry, it's not that complicated :-)

Constructing sentences in French even in simple conversation takes some time to learn especially if you are not a native speaker of the language. It will really be difficult on the part of non-French speakers to study this rich language in their own way and understanding.

One of the difficult topics in grammar in French is imparfait or the continuous past. It places emphasis on the progression of an action that is in the past verb form. The imparfait also indicates a regular repeated or a habitual action.

French grammar imparfait has many uses in a sentence. In most cases, it is used as a descriptive word to describe a situation or event in the past. At times, an imparfait can be used to describe not only a circumstance but also a person, an explanation or a property depending how the user will express it in a sentence. Sometimes, imparfait is utilized to denote a habitual past action as well as a simultaneously recurring action happened in the past. Native French speakers would often use it to emphasize an action that just happened for a while meaning that the action has just lasted earlier in the past.

The imparfait is just one of the many several tenses in the past form in French wherein its usage is not limited to describing a past action whether habitual or recurring. French grammar imparfait can also be used in idiomatic expressions.

The following are standard form of imparfait in its present tense form.

· Nous Parlons – parler in a verb form – parl- as the imparfait stem

· Nous Finissons – finir in verb form – finiss- (imparfait stem)

· Nous descendons – descendre in verb - descend- as the imparfait stem

· Nous faisons – faire in a verb form – fais- in imparfait

French imparfait does not stand alone. It has several extensions or endings that once put in a verb might change its meaning. You will have to add these endings such as –ais, -ions, -iez and -aient to the imparfait stem. You must keep in mind that the –ais, -aient and –ait are pronounced similarly thus you don’t have to be confused in pronouncing them once you are using them in a normal conversation. Other imparfait stems are pren-, part- and et-. You will have to follow the rules on how you will have to use the extensions and the stems in present and past form.

In some cases, stem changing verbs happen such as with commencer and voyager. What you will do to maintain the soft sound of ‘g’ or ‘s’ is to add either an ‘e’ or ‘c’ prior to the imparfait endings. You are allowed to do it to all other present tense verbs except for those that have vous and nous like vous voyagiez and nous voyagions. In the case of prenominal verbs, you have nothing to worry because they maintain a regular form by just adding a reflexive pronoun. Learning

French grammar imparfait

can be complex but little by little, you will be able to perfect it.

Source : Imperfect French tense on Wikipedia

How to Easily Learn French Alphabet Pronunciation

Learning and mastering the French alphabet pronunciation is probably the very first step in your journey to French.

 Also, it is among the most widely known and used languages in the European region. This language is as rich as the France’s historical and cultural heritage. If you are among those people who are completely clueless about this language, you are being left behind. But if you think about learning French, that’s not a problem. There are many online language tutorials that will teach you about the French alphabet pronunciation.

French alphabet is composed of twenty-six (26) letters, which are as follows:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

The twenty-six letters are parted into six (6) vowels (voyelles) and twenty (20) consonants (consonnes). The underlined letters above are the vowels and the rest are consonants.

Here is a table showing how the French alphabet can be pronounced:

French alphabet pronunciation chart

A lot of people think that learning the French alphabet pronunciation is boring. Well, you better think again. These days, learning how to speak French is so much fun especially now that it is possible to learn the language online. It is important for the student to be enthusiast in learning it and it would be best to use the method that they are more comfortable with. That way, learning French quickly is not impossible. In fact, some might even learn it in just a matter of minutes.

When it comes to French alphabet pronunciation lessons online, you may use audios, videos, and even webinars provided by various websites. With the use of the audio, one would be able to learn while they are doing other things, which could be called multitasking. By just simply playing the audio files, one would be able to continue doing what they are doing while learning the language at the same time. Thus, learning through the use of audios is definitely convenient and fun than flipping pages from thick textbooks.

Every French lesson should be interactive. That way, the student would keep up the desire to learn the language well. Interactive French alphabet pronunciation sessions make the whole learning language more fun and exciting. When the students are enjoying it, they would be able to learn more from it. Taking quizzes would also help a lot. The students should also be able to realize how it is used instead of them just memorizing the pronunciation of words, grammatical rules and sentence structure. Thus, the lessons should involve situations where the language could be used appropriately.

French alphabet pronunciation

Furthermore, learning the French alphabet pronunciation should always have an open ending so that the students would continuously grow by themselves. They should always have a room for learning new things about the language. Moreover, it is never too late to start learning the language.

Source : French orthography on Wikipedia