Bonjour ! and welcome to this important lessons on relative pronouns in French. Do you still recall your relative pronouns in English? If not, fret not because you can study relative pronouns French that you can use in your daily speech. In English , relative pronouns include who, which, whom, that and where. Technically, these pronouns are used in connecting dependent clauses or relative clauses to the main clause. Also, they are used as replacement to direct object, indirect object, and preposition
On the other hand, French relative pronouns have also the same function. These pronouns include qui, que, auquel, lequel, duquel, dont and où.
Qui and que
These French relative pronouns are the most commonly used. Both of them can be use when referring to things or persons. The major difference is that qui is being used when referring either to the subject of indirect object for person while que is being used for direct objects. Moreover, qui also comes after a preposition. When compared to English language, qui could mean which, that or who; while que could mean which, that, who and whom.
This relative pronoun is the French version of “which” and it is being used for indirect object. It comes after the prepositions, de, pour, or a and it is only used when pertaining to things. Apart from that, it should also go hand in hand with the gender of the noun as well as the number.
When learning French, you should also master the use of another relative pronoun. When it is translated into English, it could mean of which, of whom or whose. Dont can be used to both things and persons. The best part about learning this relative pronoun is that there is no need for you to change the form. Apart from that, it does not have to agree with anything. Say for instance, when you translate “the films you are talking about in French , you say les films dont tu parles.
You use this French relative pronoun when you refer to times and gevr places. It is the French counterpart of when, where, that and which, depending on how it is used. However, it could also be used as the question word “Where” only that there is a function added. For example, if you want to say’ Paris is the city where we can eat the best nails” in French, you have to say Paris est la ville où on peut manger les meilleurs escargots.
When French relative pronouns are compared to French phonetics, it is clear that the former is much easier to learn and master. However, you still have to do a little legwork in order to get yourself abreast with these French relative pronouns. Although these pronouns are quite similar to the function of English relative pronouns, do take note that there are also underlying differences.
Actually, there is no need for you to pay expensive French tutors just to master these French relative pronouns. All you have to do is to visit a reliable site and you can teach your own self!
Source : articles & relatives on Wikipedia
Born in Paris where he has spent more than 30 years, Yannick is a French native speaker now based in Ireland. His interest in learning foreign languages comes from his Italian grand-father, his Spanish wife and his Japanese sister-in-law. Teaching French has been a passion since his early twenties when he spent countless hours exchanging with international students.