Bonjour ! and welcome again to a new lesson dedicated to French subjunctive. For most people who are learning to speak new language, subjunctive is quite difficult to understand. It most talks about between the conjugations and making the decision on when to use it. Subjunctive could be very tricky and it is utilized typically in French.
Do not forger the Forms of the Verb
Keep in mind that the initial thing that you need to work on is to memorize the entire verb form. In order for you to do this, the great solution is drilling. As much as possible, you must focus on the common verbs like aller, prendre, avoir, and être. It will talk about more on memorization rather than on understanding.
The conjunction, which is afterward by the subjunctive, is often “que”
Some conjunctions such as “si” and “quand” don’t make use of French subjunctive. Thus, what you need to think about is making use of the subjunctive whenever you are going to say a sentence along with “que”.
The subjunctive merely occurs when various people are involved as well with impersonal constructions such as “il faut”
Example of this includes:
“Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; this is equal to 2 people which is subjunctive
“Je suis contente d’aller mieux.” – In translation: “me being happy that I am better”; which is indicative
You don’t need to think about the interrogative form of the subjunctive
This stuff is very simple. You don’t need to think about it since there aren’t any. Hence, you can make use of the subjunctive clause in a certain questions such as “Voulez-vous queje vienne avec vous?”, however there is no such way for you to change a subjunctive clause to make a question.
Now that you have already understood the basic rule, the next thing you need to understand now is the French subjunctive itself.
The subjunctive is utilized in French in an amount of common cases. On general, it is used in dependent clauses next to expressions that show emotion, doubt, conjecture and subjectivity as well. After countless verbs showing doubt, fear or perhaps negative feelings, at the same after “avant que” the verb on the dependent clause is followed by “ne”, however keep in mind that this isn’t a marker of negation.
Some rules when using French subjunctive:
- There must be two various subjects within the sentence, which makes use of the subjunctive.
- The sentence should involve a subordinate clause and main clause in order to utilize the subjunctive.
- The clauses should be linked by “que” or perhaps in those very special cases, “qui”
- The last rule that you must never forget is the sentence should communicate a wish, need, want, desire, emotion, doubt, denial or possibility.
Lister des verbes conjugués + images !
With this in mind, for sure you have a little grasp about French subjunctive. There is no doubt that it could really be trick at first, but if you will take time to understand it and do more research about it, for sure you will do better in learning the French language.
Source : conjugation in French
Born in Paris where he has spent more than 30 years, Yannick is a French native speaker now based in Ireland. His interest in learning foreign languages comes from his Italian grand-father, his Spanish wife and his Japanese sister-in-law. Teaching French has been a passion since his early twenties when he spent countless hours exchanging with international students.